DaHjaj Hol 111204 I and me #tlhIngan #tlh

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Hello, and welcome. You’re listening to DaHjaj Hol, your daily dose of Klingon language. I’m your host, Lawrence Schoen.

Today, and for every Sunday left in the year, I’m going to introduce you to a special class of nouns: pronouns. All pronouns can replace other nouns, and as such carry both person and number. Pronouns are also used to add emphasis to the noun, even when a noun isn’t required because a verb prefix makes it clear who is performing or receiving the action of the verb. But pronouns also have a sneaky habit of acting like a form of the verb “to be” when no other verb is around. Like I said, they’re sneaky.

This week we’ll explore the first person pronouns, both singular and plural. The first person singular pronoun is jIH. J, Capital I, Capital H. As the subject of a verb, jIH means I, and as the object it means me. When standing in for a verb, it means I am.

The first person plural pronoun is maH. M, A, Capital H. When maH is the subject of a verb, it means we, and as the object it means us. When standing in for a verb, it translates as we are :

naDev maH
we are here

jIHmo’ maQuchbej maH
because of me, we will certainly succeed

HoD HIv Hoch ’ach vIHoH jIH
everyone attacked the captain, but I killed him


You might find yourself talking more in the first person over the next few days, slipping in that added pronoun for emphasis, whether you’re speaking in English or Klingon. Because, when language starts opening worlds, it does so in all the languages you speak! qo’mey poSmoH Hol

Buffalito World Outreach Projects




Today’s podcast is brought to you by B.W.O.P., the Buffalito World Outreach Project, Lawrence M. Schoen’s ongoing attempt to use science fiction to reach the entire planet, and beyond. Visit bwop.info for more info, as well as to obtain a free copy of “Buffalo Dogs,” in many different languages.





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