DaHjaj Hol 110818 – which #tlhIngan #tlh

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Hello, and welcome. You’re listening to DaHjaj Hol, your daily dose of Klingon language. I’m your host, Lawrence Schoen.

Today we take up one of the most powerful and controversial Type 9 verb suffixes we have. I’m talking about –bogh. B, O, GH, -bogh is used to create a relative clause. If you don’t know what that means, think of it this way: using –bogh with a verb creates a phrase that in English typically begins with the word which or who or that (and in some cases even where). The phrase is called a relative clause, and it modifies a noun. That noun can come before or after the phrase, depending on its relationship to that phrase. If you’re still confused, I’m confident that a few examples will set it all right.

Haghbogh romuluSgnan vIHoH
I killed the Romulan who laughed

muHoH Haghbogh romuluSngan
the Romulan who laughed killed me

DuwIvbogh pIn wIghombe’
we didn’t meet the boss that chose you

nughombe’ DuwIvbogh pIn
the boss that chose you didn’t meet us

Try to resist using relative clauses for a while. You won’t be able to, but the attempt will build up your discipline and perhaps cause you to use them sparingly, which in the end will be a good thing. But do start slow. This is a big step for you, grammar-wise. Relative clauses open up vast new possibilities of language use. qo’mey poSmoH Hol.


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