DaHjaj Hol 110410 – they / he, she, it #tlhIngan #tlh

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Hello, and welcome. You’re listening to DaHjaj Hol, your daily dose of Klingon language. I’m your host, Lawrence Schoen.

It’s Prefix Day again, and they are dwindling down to a precious few. Today we’ll look at lu-. That’s L, U. lu- is used when the subject is third person plural, or they, and the object is third person singular, namely him, her, or it. Like so:

chom luSIgh romuluSnganpu’
Romulans influence the bartender

pIj HoD lughoq laghpu’
ensigns frequently spy on the captain

puqbe’lI’ luvoqmo’ luHoHbe’ novpu’
because they trust your daughter, the aliens won’t kill her

Verb prefixes indicate what pronouns might occupy the subject and object spots in a sentence, but you don’t have to fill those spaces with pronouns. You know this to be true, because I haven’t actually given you any Klingon pronouns yet. Usually, if a pronoun is needed, it’s understood by the use of a specific prefix. In the case where the prefix indicates third person, in either subject or object, singular or plural, other nouns can be used instead of pronouns, as illustrated in today’s examples. Try to resist the desire to always use nouns instead of letting them be understood, and try to resist the urge to always leave the nouns off and rely solely on the prefixes. A skilled language warrior uses many weapons to open worlds. qo’mey poSmoH Hol.


no object me us you you (pl) him/her/it them
I jI- qa- ? vI- ?
we ma- pI- re- wI- ?
you bI- cho- ju- Da- Da-
you (pl) Su- tu- ? bo- bo-
he/she/it mu- nu- Du- lI-
they mu- nu- nI- lI- lu-



Today’s podcast is brought to you by
The Klingon Hamlet,
restored by Nick Nicholas and Andrew Strader.


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