DaHjaj Hol 110130 #tlhIngan #tlh

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Hello, and welcome. You’re listening to DaHjaj Hol, your daily dose of Klingon language.

I’m your host, Lawrence Schoen and today is Sunday, January 30th, 2011 and I know you’re expecting to learn more about verb prefixes today.

Last Sunday I gave you three of them, and that worked out so well I’m going to give you three more today.

By now you should be quite comfortable with the idea that verb prefixes indicate the person and number of the subject and object. All of today’s prefixes have the same person and number in the subject. They are all first person singular, or I.

They differ in the person and number of the objects of the verb they’re attached to.

We’ll start with vI- that’s V, Capital I. vI- is used when the object of the verb is third person and either singular or plural: him, her, it, or them. Thus:

vIrur
I resemble them

But what do you do if the object of the verb is in the second person or you? Well, depending on whether that object is singular or plural, you’d use either qa- (that’s Lowercase Q, A) or Sa- (Capital S, A). For example:

tugh qaSuvchoH
soon I will be ready to start fighting you

reH SaqawnIS
I’ll always need to remember you (pl)

And, as is becoming a custom here, if I’m going to give you some prefixes, I should also toss in some new verbs as Bonus Vocabulary to encourage you to use them.

mev means stop or cease. M, E, V. mev

muS means hate. That’s M, U, Capital S. muS

yu’ means question or interrogate. Spelled Y, U, Apostrophe. yu’

Now that you’ve met three new prefixes and three new verbs, let’s introduce them to one another:

tugh vImevnIS
I need to stop it soon

reH qamuSjaj
may I always hate you

Sayu’rupqa’
I’m ready to question you (pl) again

You might want to practice these prefixes now, while they’re all fresh in your mind. Lock them in place. Add all three to the other prefix you already know with a first person singular subject, jI-. Create some drills for yourself where you try all four on the same verb. Start with verbs you already know well, so you can focus on the prefixes, and then as you get more comfortable with the prefixes, start using more difficult verbs, using the well rehearsed prefixes as your anchor. Alternating in this way will help you build your skills, and move you more surely toward our goal of realizing qo’mey poSmoH Hol, Language Opens Worlds.

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Today’s podcast is brought to you by
The Tao Te Ching,
translated by Agnieszka Solska.

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