DaHjaj Hol 110629 – either/or (but not both) #tlhIngan #tlh

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Hello, and welcome. You’re listening to DaHjaj Hol, your daily dose of Klingon language. I’m your host, Lawrence Schoen.

As we come to the last Wednesday of June, let’s look at another way to connect nouns. This conjuction is ghap. GH, A, P. ghap is used to indicate either of two nouns, but not both. This is distinct from last week’s leftover joq which indicates either or both of two nouns.

qa’vIn HIq ghap vItlhutlhlaH
I can drink either coffee or ale

ghaytan HoHpu’ yIH mughato’ ghap
likely either a tribble or a mugato killed him

bIQapchugh megh ‘uQ ghap wISoplaH
if you succeed, we can eat lunch or dinner

A person may find a particular language concept difficult one day and simple the next, because they need time to assimilate the idea. As a language warrior you know you will not win every battle, but day after day you will nonetheless return to the fray. With practice you learn how to use your weapons better, your skills improve, worlds open before you. qo’mey poSmoH Hol.


Today’s podcast is brought to you by the 18th annual summer conference of the Klingon Language Institute (aka the qep’a’ wa’maH chorghDIch) which runs from Sunday morning on August 14th through late evening Tuesday, August 16th. The following day, Wednesday, August 17th, is the official beginning of the 69th annual World Science Fiction Convention, conveniently taking place right there in Reno, Nevada!

Back to the qep’a’: This year, we’ll be splitting the conference into two parts:

Part One will be the usual blend of fellowship, curse warfare, singing, story-telling, and assorted language challenges as we’ve enjoyed for the past seventeen years, and will run from Sunday through Monday. We’ll begin in a meeting room at the Hyatt Place Reno-Tahoe Airport Hotel for Sunday and Monday, and on Tuesday morning we’ll move to larger function space over at Reno’s convention center (courtesy of Renovation, the 69th World Science Fiction Convention).

Part Two will begin at noon on Tuesday, and consist of various introductory lessons and explanations intended for newbies, beginners, and visitors dressed in Federation pajamas (or other noncombatants). Klingon grammarians will be on hand to help newcomers (not to be confused with linguistic “fresh meat!”) learn the basics of Klingon and use it to chat, sing, play games, and insult one another.

Full details can be found at http://www.speakklingon.info/

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