DaHjaj Hol 110622 – and/or #tlhIngan #tlh

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Hello, and welcome. You’re listening to DaHjaj Hol, your daily dose of Klingon language. I’m your host, Lawrence Schoen.

I so enjoyed last Wednesday’s visit to the world of Klingon conjunctions that I couldn’t wait to return there. And so, today’s leftover is joq. J, O, Lowercase Q. joq allows you to combine two or more nouns and means and / or. Basically, it allows you to say things like A and/or B, but in Klingon the syntax actually runs A B and/or. A few examples will show you what I mean:

tugh SoSlI’ vavlI’ joq vItIchchoH
soon I will insult your mother and/or your father

ghaytan chom jabwI’ joq DaHoH
likely you will kill the bartender, or the waiter, or both

If you begin practicing with conjunctions in Klingon, you’ll find yourself using and combining more nouns in your sentences than ever before. Some of the combinations may naturally go together, husbands and wives, captains and crewmembers, lunch and dinner. But as you expand your practice, you’ll start pairing less obviously related words, and in doing so you’ll open up new worlds of thought and possibility. But that too is what language is for. qo’mey poSmoH Hol.


Today’s podcast is brought to you by the 18th annual summer conference of the Klingon Language Institute (aka the qep’a’ wa’maH chorghDIch) which runs from Sunday morning on August 14th through late evening Tuesday, August 16th. The following day, Wednesday, August 17th, is the official beginning of the 69th annual World Science Fiction Convention, conveniently taking place right there in Reno, Nevada!

Back to the qep’a’: This year, we’ll be splitting the conference into two parts:

Part One will be the usual blend of fellowship, curse warfare, singing, story-telling, and assorted language challenges as we’ve enjoyed for the past seventeen years, and will run from Sunday through Monday. We’ll begin in a meeting room at the Hyatt Place Reno-Tahoe Airport Hotel for Sunday and Monday, and on Tuesday morning we’ll move to larger function space over at Reno’s convention center (courtesy of Renovation, the 69th World Science Fiction Convention).

Part Two will begin at noon on Tuesday, and consist of various introductory lessons and explanations intended for newbies, beginners, and visitors dressed in Federation pajamas (or other noncombatants). Klingon grammarians will be on hand to help newcomers (not to be confused with linguistic “fresh meat!”) learn the basics of Klingon and use it to chat, sing, play games, and insult one another.

Full details can be found at http://www.speakklingon.info/

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